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Volubilis

Valeur universelle exceptionnelle

The capital of Mauretania, founded in the 3rd century BC, was an important outpost of the Roman Empire and was adorned with many beautiful monuments. Important vestiges remain in the archaeological site, located in a fertile agricultural region.

Volubilis contains the essentially Roman vestiges of a fortified municipality built on an imposing site at the foot of Jebel Zerhoun. Its area reaches 42 hectares. It is of exceptional importance in that it shows, urban development and Romanization at the borders of the Roman Empire and the graphic illustration of the interface between the Roman and indigenous cultures.

The archaeological remains of this site bear witness to several civilizations. All the phases of an occupation of ten centuries, from prehistory to the Islamic period, are represented. The site has delivered considerable artistic documentation which includes mosaics, marble and bronze statues and hundreds of inscriptions.

The archaeological site of Volubilis is an exceptional example of a city testifying to an exchange of influences from High Antiquity until the arrival of Islam.

These exchanges are intersected on a city area corresponding to the perimeter of the site, and on a rural area extended between the pre-riding arenas of Zerhoun and the Gharb plain. These influences bear witness to Mediterranean, Libyan and Moorish, Punic, Roman and Arab-Islamic cultures as well as African and Christian cultures.

They are reflected in the urban evolution of the city, the methods of architectural construction and decoration, and the creation of landscapes.

The abandonment of the city for centuries has ensured its conditions of conservation. These are the subject of long-term conservation programs to preserve their authenticity.

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